Government Contractors FAQs

government contractors faq

All your common and frequently asked questions about government contractors are answered below:

How do you get government contracts?

Register your business

To be eligible for government contracting opportunities, you must first register your company with the award management system. The System of Award Management (SAM) is a searchable database of enterprises interested in government contracts that are maintained by a US federal government institution. Your company must be up to date and registered as a government provider of this platform.

Acquire DUNS Number

The Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS Identifier) of Dun & Bradstreet (DB) is a nine-digit number that may instantly identify a small business, corporation, or firm. DUN’s statistics have remained constant during the company’s existence. It’s also utilized to track down companies and their international financial transactions. You can buy a DUNS number online through the DUNS Request Service Platform.

Get a NAICS code

The majority of the time, small firms require a NAICS (North American Industry Classification System) classification. In the United States, this code is used to classify enterprises and collect economic statistics. This code is required for your company to register and apply for federal contracts. NAICS also aids the government in categorizing your company’s industry.

Please keep in mind that if your company works in various industries, you may need to obtain and disclose multiple NAICS codes. For further information on the NAICS code, the Small Business Administration (SBA) offers consulting services.

Check your EIN

Other small enterprises prefer to manage their businesses using their owners’ social security numbers. The government, on the other hand, requires contractors’ Employee Identification Numbers (EIN).

You can get an Employee Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for free. Once you’ve fulfilled this list of requirements, you’re ready to start looking for government contracts.

Are all government contracts public?

The buying of products and services by government entities is known as government procurement or government purchasing. For the goods and services they provide, government agencies are soliciting the public business sector.

This is a fairly formal process in which government agencies issue bid proposals and solicit responses from companies, as required by law. Responses are received until the deadline, after which the contract is given to the lowest bidder. This is a relatively common procedure in the United States and among most government institutions. Even so, if you intend to do business with any agency, it is critical to thoroughly comprehend their intricate procedures.

What are examples of government contracts?

Fixed-Price Contracts

This group of government contracts’ prices will not change. However, a ceiling price, target price, or even both are sometimes employed. It’s also worth noting that risk is passed to the agreement with fixed-price contracts. Because these government contracts aren’t dependent on the amount of time or resources spent, this is the case. You’re working with the materials they’ve provided.

 Time & Materials Contracts

This one is simple to figure out. For these contracts, the government defines a per-hour labor rate, assesses materials prices, and sets a price ceiling. This is a terrific alternative if you can give the services within your budget.

Contracts for emergency services, for example, are frequently relatively short-term. The contractor will only deliver labor and not materials in some situations, known as labor-hour contracts.

Cost-Reimbursement Contracts

While fixed-price contracts put the contractors at a higher risk, cost-reimbursement contracts put the government agency at a higher risk. These government contracts are more likely to be for Research & development activities than for goods and services.

Cost/cost-sharing, cost-plus-fixed-fee, cost-plus award fee, and cost-plus incentive fee contracts are only a few of the subcategories of cost-reimbursement contracts. Some have a set minimum and maximum payment amount, while others are more flexible.

Incentive Contracts

An incentive contract will be created using a cost-reimbursement contract or a fixed-price contract with additional incentives.

A cost-reimbursement contract or a fixed-price contract with additional incentives will be used to form an incentive contract.

Because the government is well aware of the potential for traffic congestion, an incentive contract may be granted to a business that can complete the project promptly.

If this project is completed ahead of schedule, the company may be entitled for a bonus or incentive if the contract is completed on time or early.

 Indefinite Delivery & Quantity Contracts

It’s possible that a government agency doesn’t always know exactly what they need. They could not know the exact quantities of stuff they need or how long they’ll need a contractor to provide a service for.

These are the government contracts with the most flexibility. When the government isn’t sure how much of an item or service they’ll need or when they’ll need it, they hand them out. Task Order Contracts and Delivery Order Contracts are other names for them.

Other Transaction Agreements

Other Transaction Agreements (OTAs) do not follow the regular procurement process as the aforementioned contract instruments above. The government usually pursues OTAs for research, development and prototyping purposes.

How do I find government contracts?

The official US government website for searching open contracts is You can analyze opportunities, as well as historical performance evaluations and previously awarded offers, on this page, which will help you prepare your proposals.

A list of prior federal business opportunities databases (FedbizOpps website) is easily offered on the website to discover contract opportunities, contract data reports, support lists, and so on.


Subcontracting possibilities are being advertised on SubNet by contractors with large government contracts. The Small Business Administration (SBA) provides a searchable Subnet database that highlights enterprises with large government contracts and possible subcontracting possibilities.

SubNet opportunities are a fantastic place to start if you’re seeking for subcontracting opportunities or want to learn more about how agencies and firms collaborate on government contracts. Small firms can link to their website for contracting opportunities through the Small Business Administration Subcontracting Network, or SubNet.

General Services Administration (GSA)

The General Services Administration (GSA) of the United States is the government agency in charge of linking government buyers with contractors. “Getting onto the GSA Schedules” refers to obtaining a contract with the GSA.

The GSA Schedule, usually called the Federal Supply Schedule or the Multiple Award Schedule (MAS), is a type of long-term goods and services bid. This is also a significant component of all government management spending. This database records billions of dollars in purchases every year.

Is it hard to win government contracts?

Federal contractors are individuals or firms who engage in a contract with any government department or agency to perform a specified duty, supply labor and materials or provide goods and services. A federal subcontractor is a business that works with another business that has direct government contracts.

minority-owned business is a term used in the United States to describe businesses that are at least fifty-one percent owned, operated, and controlled by members of a different ethnic minority. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Pacific Americans, Subcontinent Asia Americans, and Native Americans are the diverse categories.

woman-owned firm is one that is at least fifty-one percent owned, operated, and controlled by one or more female American citizens on a daily basis. A third-party, city, state, or federal entity often certifies Woman-owned Business Enterprises (WBEs).

A woman-owned business is a term used by government agencies and trade organizations in the United States to describe programs aimed at empowering and supporting female entrepreneurs.

It’s impossible to say whether securing a government contract is simple or difficult. When the federal government issues a request for government contractors, they always specify whether it is open to major contractors, minority-owned firms, women, or small businesses in their announcement.

Make sure that your company meets their standards to ensure that you obtain your government contract and have a chance to gain contracting chances. Also, make sure you check to see whether your company can meet their demand and if the contract is appropriate for your size.

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Written by Earl Timothy

A writer, who wants to share his thoughts with people of any age and converse with them through his writing.
He writes in different niches, from pets, travel, adventure, and more. But now, he is currently writing business and industry articles for the Government Contracting sector.

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